4-2: Setup SSL
Pocket requires that nodes have an SSL certificate for secure communications. SSL or Secure Sockets Layer is a layer of security that sits on top of TCP/IP. It's used to encrypt the data sent between a client and a server. To use SSL, you need to have a certificate and a key. Thankfully, getting an SSL certificate is easy, and it's free.
To get a certificate, we'll be using Let's Encrypt which is a service that issues SSL certificates for free. We'll also be using software called certbot to register, install, and renew the certificate.
Registering an SSL certificate
We installed certbot in a previous step so we just need to use it to request a certificate.
Make certbot request
To get a certificate, we'll need to use the
certbot command with the following options:
--register-unsafely-without-email: This option is required to get a certificate without an email address.
--agree-tos: This option is required to agree to the Let's Encrypt Terms of Service.
--nginx: This option is required to use the nginx plugin.
--no-redirect: This option is required to disable the redirect to the Let's Encrypt website.
--domain: This option is required to specify the domain name.
Here's an example of how to request a certificate, just replace
$HOSTNAME with the DNS name of your node:
sudo certbot --nginx --domain $HOSTNAME --register-unsafely-without-email --no-redirect --agree-tos
The output from this command should confirm that the certificate was successfully registered. But to be sure you'll also want to test that the certificate is working.
Testing your certificate
There is a command that certbot provides to test your certificate. It's used for testing the auto-renwal of the certificate but it also confirms that the certificate is working. You can run it using the following command:
sudo certbot renew --dry-run
The resulting output should confirm that the certificate is working. If so, we can continue on to the next step.